Choosing a career in engineering can be a tricky decision due to the broad array of options provided by Universities and Colleges. The first step is identifying your passions and interests and to determine how well they fit all the engineering disciplines. Mechanical engineering is one of the four big disciplines together with civil, electrical and chemical.
Mechanical engineering concentrates on dynamic, or moving, systems. It’s a very wide field that contrasts with civil engineering in several instances. The capability of a mechanical engineer to consider lively events and design for load transport (a vehicle experiences load move once the brakes are applied by the driver and the weight of the vehicle changes to the front wheels) is what distinguishes them from civil engineers.
Mechanical engineers design machines and components for use in the construction, transport and automotive industries utilizing a wide selection of computer software like CAD (Computer Aided Design) and FEA (Finite Element Analysis). CAD enables an engineer to design a part before mimicking its strength and durability using FEA. This procedure saves countless hours and dollars for businesses as they’re now able to test a part before they must build it.
Anyone that has a fantastic amount of mechanical aptitude and is curious about complex systems and vehicles is a fantastic candidate to take on a mechanical engineering program. It educates the general principles of mechanical systems whereas the sub-disciplines focus solely on one area of development. By way of instance, a pupil who builds robots as a hobby would be most suited to a mechatronics class instead of the mechanical course. The significant sub-disciplines of mechanical engineering are briefly described below.
Aerospace engineers are responsible for the progress of aircraft and space vehicles. They specialise in designing highly complex military and commercial aircraft. Wind tunnels are their weapon of choice, with many hours devoted to aerodynamic testing inside them. Aerospace engineers are also used extensively in the automotive industry, mainly in high performance areas like Motorsport. This course may also serve as a pathway for a pilots licence and vice versa.
A branch of mechanical engineering that focuses on understanding the vehicle manufacturing process and the future direction of the automotive sector. This course prepares graduates for a career with an OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer), part suppliers, or road transport agencies. Greater emphasis on electric and hybrid cars can create more opportunities for automotive engineers in the near and long term future.
Marine engineering incorporates marine vessel design, operation, maintenance and the design of any infrastructure that exists for the marine sector. All marine vessels comprise mechanical and electrical systems such as turbines, fuel systems
Mechatronics is a mechanical/electrical hybrid engineering field that’s chiefly concerned with optimising processes and products using cutting edge technology. This field is a fantastic choice for people who have a passion for robotics.
The area of atomic power is the sole attention of nuclear engineers. Power generation, radiation and nuclear reactions (fission and fusion energy) are the basic research areas of nuclear engineering. A large part of nuclear engineers work on power plant design and might be stationed on-site to oversee the functioning of the plant. Many opportunities exist for development and research of nuclear power; largely in america.
If you can identify yourself with some of the aforementioned sub-disciplines you’re halfway to deciding in an engineering program. If you’re interested in mechanical systems but aren’t particularly passionate about a particular area, then it is a good idea to choose a mechanical engineering class which will introduce you into a wide selection of subjects. Once enrolled in a program, it’s always possible to move to a related discipline should you change your mind.